After 12 years of terror and fear tactics, the military allowed elections to take place and a civilian government took power in Uruguay. Contemporary presidents have had to deal with inflation and a deep national debt; tourism dropped a debilitating 90% in 2002 after Argentina’s economy crashed. In 2004, the country’s left won their first national victory with the election of Tabaré Vázquez.
Uruguay is currently a presidential representative democratic republic with the classic three branches of Executive, Legislative, and Judiciary; the Judiciary branch is separate from the other two. Uruguay consists of 19 departments who are governed by municipal governments.