Ecuador’s various landscapes provide habitat for a wide array of flora and fauna. The high peaks of the Andes are home to spectacled bears, mountain tapirs, deer, and mountain lions. Travelers should occasionally look to the skies to catch a glimpse of the great Andean condor.
Explorers of the Amazon jungle may be lucky enough to see the rare mammals that inhabit this region, including ocelots, sloths, and anteaters. The most common mammal here is the monkey, of which there are several species. Reptiles are much more common sights, as there are several kinds of lizards and snakes, even the occasional tortoise. And yes, the famous anaconda does live here as well, though it is incredibly rare to come across.
Ecuador also has a few cloud forests, which are mountain slopes kept wet by constant mists. Birdwatchers should look for the hundreds of hummingbirds found here, as well as the mountain toucan. Tanagers and the rare Umbrella bird are also found here.
The coast of Ecuador has been largely deforested, although there are a few mangrove forests left. If all else fails, a cruise to Ecuador should attract some excited dolphins to play in its wake.