Peruís rainforest is incredibly important to provide habitat to countless species, some of them found nowhere else in the world, as a powerhouse for soaking up carbon dioxide in the air, and as living space for remote Amazon tribes. Past leadership regimes of the country have focused heavily on resource extraction, meaning that this precious region is under threat from logging, oil exploration, farming, chemical spraying against coca production, and mining. There are several independent organizations at work to change unsustainable and dangerous practices, but the Peruvian government has yet to make a serious effort of their own.
Although Peru is a signatory in the Convention in the International Trade of Endangered Species, the country is still experiencing problems in the illegal trade of these vulnerable animals. According to the Convention, there are 10 critically endangered species, 28 endangered, and 99 vulnerable species in Peru.
Some notable Peruvian organizations at work on these and other environmental issues, which may be able to provide more information, are the Peruvian Association for the Conservation of Nature, AymaraNet, Quechua Network, and the Peruvian Amazon Indian Network. Travelers to Peru can take action by being aware of existing environmental problems and tailoring their explorations to be as eco-sensitive as possible.