Uruguay borders the Atlantic Ocean between Argentina and Brazil, and is about the size of the U.S. state of Washington.
Most of the country is characterized by a rolling plain that fades in the Rio de la Plata. A tour to Uruguay will most likely visit this river’s impressive estuary that opens into the ocean. The highest point in the country, Mount Cathedral, stands at only 1,683 feet.
The coast of Uruguay, along its southern flank, is narrow and marshy, with some spectacular lagoons dotting its expanse. A cruise to Uruguay will reveal some beautiful beaches interspersed with gentle sand dunes. The capital city of Montevideo sits on the banks of the Rio de la Plata where it opens out onto the coast.
Water is the dominant feature of Uruguay; travelers will find lakes and lagoons scattered across the landscape. The Rio Uruguay flows along the Argentinean border and joins the Rio de la Plata on its way to the sea. This river has some low banks that make it prone to flooding during the rainy season. The Rio Negro is Uruguay’s longest river, and crosses the whole of the country.
Half of Uruguay’s population lives in its capital city, and a total of 80% of the population is classified as urban. Rural life generally includes sheep and cattle ranching.